Glossary of Karate Terms & Techniques

Japanese Terminology English Terminology Pronunciation
"Tachikata" Stances Include:
Shizen-tai natural stance she-zen tah-ee
Zenkutsu-dachi front stance zen-koo-tsue dah-chee
Kiba-dachi side stance key-bah dah-chee
Kokutsu-dachi back stance koe-koo-tsue dah-chee
"Uke-Waza" Blocking Techniques Include:
Age-uke rising block ah-gah oo-kay
Uchi-uke (inside to outward) forearm block oo-chee oo-kay
Ude-uke (outside to inward) forearm block oo-day oo-kay
Shuto-uke knife hand block shoe-toe oo-kay
Gedan-barai downward block geh-dahn baa-rah-ee
"Tsuki-Waza" Punching Techniques Include:
Choku-zuki straight punch cho-koo zoo-key
Gyaku-zuki reverse punch gya-koo zoo-key
Oi-zuki lunge punch oh-ee zoo-key
Kizami-zuki jab key-zah-me zoo-key
"Uchi-Waza" Striking Techniques Include:
Uraken-uchi back fist strike oo-rah-ken oo-chee
Shuto-uchi knife hand strike shoe-too oo-chee
Haito-uchi ridge hand strike hi-toe oo-chee
Empi-uchi elbow strike en-pee oo-chee
"Keri-Waza" Kicking Techniques Include:
Mai-geri front kick mah-eh geh-rhee
Yoko geri-kekomi side thrust kick yoh-koh geh-ree kay-koh-me
Yoko-geri-keage side snap kick yoh-koh geh-ree kay-oh-geh
Ushiro-geri back kick oo-she-row geh-rhee
Mawashi-geri roundhouse kick mah-wha-she geh-rhee
Mikazuki-geri crescent kick me-kah-zoo-key geh-rhee
Fumikomi cutting kick foo-me-koh-me
Tobi-keri jumping kick tow-be keh-rhee